Federal Court of Appeal

Burden of establishing facts justifying assessment of penalty was on Minister

Tax - Income Tax - Administration and Enforcement

Employee knew that termination was possibility if she continued to consume alcohol on reserve

Public law - Social programs - Employment insurance

Duty to consult not triggered, given lack of evidence of impact on First Nation's rights

Aboriginal and indigenous law - Indigenous rights to natural resources and environmental protections

Federal Court had authority to issue declaratory relief in deciding application for judicial review

Immigration and Citizenship - Citizenship - Citizenship by Birth

Motion judge owed deference to evidence of injury

Immigration and Citizenship - Admission - Appeals and Judicial Review

Commission should not have been criticized for not addressing argument that was not made

Human Rights - Practice and Procedure - Judicial Review